Description: Glycyrrhetinic acid is derived from the licorice plant. It is a pentacyclic triterpenoid derivative of the β-amyrin type. It has expectorant and antitussive properties. It is widely used as a flavoring agent and is frequently employed to mask the taste of bitter drugs such as aloe and quinine. Glycyrrhetinic acid has also been reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties.
Description: Beta-Glucan M™ also called "Sodium Carboxymethyl Beta-Glucan" is the sodium salt of a carboxymethyl ether of Beta-Glucan. It is commonly used as a binding agent and rheological modifier in personal care formulations. It is known to soothe irritated skin, support the skin’s own antioxidant activity, protect the skin from environmental damage, and help the skin to retain moisture....
Description: NuovoSoft-16™ is a high purity amino acid (C16/C16) waxy amide that can act as a bio-mimetic of a C16 ceramide. NuovoSoft-16 supports the skin barrier function through moisturization while maintaining skin suppleness and elasticity. Ceramide, itself, is one of the main components of the epidermis and forms the bilayer of cell membranes. NuovoSoft-16 will stabilize topical formulations, provide superior moisturization and emolliency. Additionally, it may provide the physiological and cell signaling benefits known for this class of waxy, ’cere’ amides.
Description: SkinBrite-30™ is a water soluble, diamide salt of azelaic acid that improves the technical characteristics for formulation. Azelaic acid itself has very poor water solubility, however, it is found in many grain proteins and is a beneficial component of the skin. Azelaic acid in the skin is a signaling compound for inflammation and induces the production of salicylic acid. The Potassium Azeloyl Diglycinate derivative is a safe, highly effective and multifunctional cosmetic ingredient. As the diamide potassium salt, SkinBrite-30 is a new ingredient that resolves many of the formulation difficulties of azelaic ...
Description: Nuovo-Proline-16™ is a C16, C16 carboxyl derivative of the amino acid hydroxypro-line. Dipalmitoyl hydroxyproline promotes collagen synthesis and enhances skin tone. Additionally, it is an excellent moisturizer and functions as an anti-oxidant.
Description: Among the well studied, 2-derivatives of stabilized L-Ascorbic Acid, the 2-glucoside (Ascorbyl Glucoside) is preferred by most researchers for post-UV efficacy in antioxidant activity, in Inflammation mitigation, in collagen stimulation and finally for inhibition of melanogenesis. G-Hexuron is the stabilized form of Vitamin C that can be topically applied to the skin in advanced formulations specifically targeted for antiaging and photo-protection benefits. G-Hexuron is the water soluble, Vitamin C, 2-derivative with superior formulation stability. G-Hexuron is both bioavailable and bioactive in its 2-glucoside form and has been ...
Description: Samples are available. SkinBrite-99 is a highly concentrated form of glycolic acid. It is an exfoliant. It revitalizes skin and reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by removing the outer layer of dead skin and bringing a new layer of skin to the surface. It is also proven to offer unique advantages in hair care with the proven ability to penetrate the hair shaft, causing significant benefits to hair moisturization, softness, strength and manageability.
Description: L-Hexuron™ is a superior vitamin C derivative. It is very stable, and is easily converted to the active form by enzymes in the skin. The ethyl substituent forms an ether with the 3-hydroxy group of the ascorbic acid, which results in much higher stability. L-Hexuron is amphiphilic which makes it compatible in a broad array of emulsion systems and clear lotions.
Description: Alpha Lipoic Acid or ALA, is found in healthy foods such as spinach, chard, collard greens and broccoli, foods often deficient in standard American diets. It is an antioxidant that is found in every human cell. ALA at 5 % has been shown to reduce fine lines caused by sun damage.
Description: Biotin is a water-soluble B complex vitamin, which is most commonly known as Vitamin H. It can influence the composition of keratin and promote the formation of intercellular lipid layers through increased lipid synthesis, which improves the skin´s natural barrier function. Biotin has an effect on fine and brittle hair by improving the quality of the keratin structures formed and it also provides a distinct reduction in fine wrinkles in the skin when applied topically.
Description: Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium is a derivative of a natural mucopolysaccharide, found in connective tissue, skin, bone and cartilage, together with proteins from the intercellular cells where collagen and elastin are embedded. It is used as a skin and hair conditioning agent because of its ability to moisturize, heal, and soothe skin with its anti-inflammatory properties, and ability to reinforce skin’s intercellular matrix. It is also thought to be responsible for the elasticity, resilience and the strength of skin. The skin’s mucopolysaccharide content decreases with advancing age; therefore, by replenishment, it would be reasonable to think ...
Description: DHEA has favorable effects on skin health and appearance. It is shown to increase production of collagen the protein that gives youthful skin its suppleness while decreasing production of the collagenase enzymes that destroy it. It exerts an anti-aging effect in the skin through stimulation of collagen biosynthesis, improved structural organization of the dermis while modulating keratinocyte metabolism. Topical DHEA also improves skin "brightness" and counteracts the "papery" appearance of aging skin, combating the epidermal thinning that is a visible hallmark of aging.
Description: Creatine Anhydrous is Creatine Monohydrate with the water molecule removed. Supplementation is used for the enhancement of sports performance, primarily by increasing muscle mass. Creatine is also being investigated as a treatment of neuromuscular diseases, where it may aid in neuroprotection and by improving the cellular bioenergetic state.
Description: Creatine citrate is formed when creatine molecules attach to citric acid, an intermediate of the Krebs Cycle (the metabolic pathway that produces aerobic energy within the body's cells). Creatine citrate may supply the muscles with greater energy than other creatine forms. The citrate also allows it to dissolve better when mixed with water. Creatine supplements are used by athletes, bodybuilders, wrestlers, sprinters, and others who wish to gain muscle mass, typically consuming 2 to 3 times the amount that could be obtained from a very high protein diet.
Description: Creatine HCL is considered to be the most soluble, most bioavailable and most absorbent creatine on the market today. It is a hydrochloride salt patented in 2009 and marketed as an athletic and bodybuilding supplement. A study by Vireo Systems found creatine hydrochloride to be 59 times more soluble in water than creatine monohydrate. Due to its higher solubility, the recommended dosage for creatine HCL is much lower than for creatine monohydrate.
Description: Creatine is naturally produced in the human body from amino acids primarily in the kidney and liver. It is transported in the blood for use by muscles. Approximately 95 % of the human body's total creatine is located in skeletal muscle. Creatine supplements are used by athletes, bodybuilders, wrestlers, sprinters, and others who wish to gain muscle mass, typically consuming 2 to 3 times the amount that could be obtained from a very-high-protein diet.
Description: Glucosamine is usually made from seashells, or it can be made in the laboratory. Hydrochloride is a salt form of glucosamine. Glucosamine in the body is used to make a "cushion" that surrounds the joints. In osteoarthritis, this cushion becomes thinner and stiff. Taking glucosamine hydrochloride as a supplement supports joint health by helping to supply the materials needed to rebuild the cushion.
Description: Glucosamine Sulfate is a naturally occurring chemical in the body. It is in the fluid around the joints. Joints are cushioned by cartilage and this fluid. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage breaks down and becomes thin causing pain and stiffness. Glucosamine supplements can increase the cartilage and/or the fluid around the joints. The "sulfate" is important because the body needs it to produce cartilage.
Description: Glycerophosphorylcholine which is also L-Alpha-GPC or L-Alpha-Glycerophosphorylcholine is an easily absorbed source of choline, which increases neurotransmitter production for better memory, mood and learning. While naturally made in the human body, L-Alpha-Glycerophosphorylcholine is also present in soy and milk, two primary sources for supplements containing this agent.
Description: Glycine is a nonessential amino acid. It is the only amino acid that does not form an L or D optical rotation. Glycine is the simplest amino acid and is found in the protein of all life forms. Glycine is used in the pharmaceutical field as a component of drugs for dermatological use, specifically for eczema and dermatitis. In cosmetics its primary use is as a buffering agent. In nutrition, glycine is used as a component for parenteral and enteral nutrition.
Description: Glycocyamine (or guanidinoacetate) is a metabolite of glycine in which the amino group has been converted into a guanidine. Glycocyamine is a direct precursor of creatine and is used as a supplement.
Description: L-Carnitine is biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine or methionine. Vitamin C is essential to the generation of L-Carnitine. It is required in all living cells for the transport of fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria during the breakdown of lipids (or fats) for the generation of metabolic energy. It also has antioxidant activity. On skin, with its hygroscopic nature, it has a pronounced moisturizing effect, when added to moisturizing creams and lotions.
Description: L-carnitine fumarate is a stable form of the amino acid, L-carnitine. L-carnitine is found abundantly in heart muscle and skeletal tissue. It functions primarily as a shuttle for fatty acids, transporting them across mitochondrial membranes into the mitochondria, where they are used for energy production. L-carnitine has been used to enhance exercise recovery and maintain healthy lipid metabolism.
Description: Alanine is manufactured by the body and is classified as a non-essential amino acid. alanine is utilized in clinical nutrition as a component for parenteral and enteral nutrition. It plays a major role in transferring nitrogen from tissue sites to the liver. Alanine is also used by the body to draw upon blood sugar as an energy source; this makes it useful for people who are attempting to reduce body fat levels. Alanine is also known to support prostate health.
Description: L-Glutamine is an amino acid that is required for cell culture. L-Glutamine participates in the formation of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides, amino sugars, glutathione, L-glutamate, and other amino acids, as well as in protein synthesis and glucose production.
Description: In humans, tryptophan is an essential amino acid. This means that it is essential for human life, cannot be synthesized by the organism, and therefore must be part of our diet. Amino acids, including tryptophan, act as building blocks in protein biosynthesis. After absorbing L-tryptophan from food, the body converts it to 5-HTP (5-hyrdoxytryptophan), and then to serotonin. Serotonin is a hormone that transmits signals between nerve cells. It also causes blood vessels to narrow. Changes in the level of serotonin in the brain can alter mood.
Description: L-tyrosine is an amino acid precursor for synthesis of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine. By improving the rate of It appears to function as an adaptogen by relieving physical symptoms of stress, such as mood swings. L-tyrosine also serves as a precursor for the thyroid hormone thyroxine and melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair color and protection against harmful ultraviolet rays. L-tyrosine is also a powerful antioxidant, scavenging and neutralizing free radicals and inhibiting fat oxidation.
Description: Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland, a small gland in the brain. It helps control your sleep and wake cycles. Very small amounts of it are found in foods such as meats, grains, fruits, and vegetables. Besides its function as synchronizer of the biological clock, melatonin is a powerful free-radical scavenger and wide-spectrum antioxidant. Research has supported the anti-aging properties of melatonin. Consuming melatonin may neutralize oxidative damage and delay the neurodegenerative process of aging.
Description: Sesame P.E. is a compound found in sesame seeds and sesame oil. It belongs to a group of fibrous plant compounds known as lignans. Sesame P.E. can be harvested from a seed that grows annually and the stems on the plant can grow four to five feet high.
Description: N-acetyl-L-cysteine (abbreviated NAC) also known as acetylcysteine, functions as an anti-oxidant and skin conditioning agent. It is also a pharmaceutical drug and nutritional supplement used primarily as a mucolytic agent and in the management of acetaminophen overdose. As a dietary supplement it claims antioxidant and liver protecting effects. It is used as a cough medicine because it breaks disulfide bonds in mucus and liquefies it.
Description: N-Acetyl-L-Glutamine prevents skin aging and improves wrinkles by eliminating oxidizing substances, biosynthesizing collagen, promoting cell proliferation, and keratin hydration. The cosmetic composition of N-Acetyl-L-Glutamine includes an emulsifier. The emulsifier is monooleic acid ester or glycerol monostearin acid ester.
Description: Sodium Ascorbate, a water-soluble salt, contains ascorbic acid or vitamin C combined with sodium. As a nutritional supplement, sodium ascorbate provides a less acidic alternative to the more common ascorbic acid.
Description: Spirulina is a simple one cell form of microscopic blue-green algae. It is a spiral coil living in warm, alkaline fresh-water bodies. It is rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids (a type of antioxidant that can help protect cells from damage). It contains nutrients, including B complex vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, and gamma linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid). Spirulina was a food source for the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans until the 16th century.
Description: Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid widely distributed in animal tissues. Taurine is one of the various chemical constituents of bile and this organic acid is synthesized in the pancreas. Taurine is an organic, carbon based compound which has acidic properties. It is a naturally occurring organic acid belonging to the sulfonic acid group of organic compounds that contain sulfur.
Description: Sarcosine, also known as N-methylglycine, is ubiquitous in biological materials and is present in such foods as egg yolks, turkey, ham, vegetables, legumes, etc. It reduced the production of sebum and imperfections linked to hyperseborrhea, thereby refining skin texture. Sarcosine matifies skin perfecting treatments and treatments for oily skin. Sarcosine is a natural amino acid found in muscles and other body tissues. It is found naturally as an intermediate in the metabolism ne to glycine. Sarcosine is sweet to the taste and dissolves in water. It is used in manufacturing biodegradable surfactants and ...
Description: Zinc Gluconate is a zinc salt of gluconic acid that is commonly used in cold lozenges for its antiviral effects. Topically, zinc gluconate has an effect against the inflammatory pathway acnecausing bacteria causes. It can down-regulate the inflammatory cascade caused by the p. acnesbacteria. It functions as a cosmetic biocide and skin conditioning agent.
Description: Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5'-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase. It is the principal form in which riboflavin is found in cells and tissues. It requires more energy to produce, but is more soluble than riboflavin.
Description: Camphor Oil is a white crystalline substance, obtained from the Cinnamomum Camphora tree. Camphor Oil has been used for many centuries as a culinary spice, a component of incense, and as a medicine. Camphor is also an insect repellent and a flea-killing substance.
Description: Also called Ubiquinone, Coenzyme Q10 is a potent anti-oxidant naturally produced by the body and important to cell functioning and development. Ubiquinone naturally decreases with aging, and it is used in cosmetics and personal care products (in a wide variety of formulas) as an anti-aging ingredient. Applied topically, Ubiquinone is thought to penetrate the skin easily, and reduce free radical damage via its antioxidant properties. It is also been found to assist cells in building collagen and elastin, therefore reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Ubiquinone also has properties that allow it to prevent or reduce oxidative damage to tissues, ...
Description: N, N-Dimethylglycine Hydrochloride is a derivative of the amino acid glycine with the structural formula (CH3)2NCH2COOH. It can be found in beans and liver. It can be formed from trimethylglycine upon the loss of one of its methyl groups. It is also a by product of the metabolism of choline.
Description: Clenbuterol HCL is a chemical used by bodybuilders, athletes, and dieters. It was originally designed for use on animals and is currently used as a bronchodilator, mainly on horses, to alleviate breathing disorders e.g. asthma. It was introduced about ten years ago for use on humans with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and can suppress the appetite for up to 9 hours. Clenbuterol works by enhancing muscle gain, as well as increasing the rate of fat burning by increasing the body’s temperature, raising blood pressure, and reducing the effectiveness of insulin. It therefore allows the user to increase weight loss without a great reduction in ...
Description: Clenbuterol, is a sympathomimetic amine used by sufferers of breathing disorders as a decongestant and bronchodilator. People with chronic breathing disorders such as asthma use this as a bronchodilator to make breathing easier. In athletics, clenbuterol has also been used as a performance-enhancing drug, though banned by the IOC. Clenbuterol is also prescribed for treatment of horses, but equine use is usually the liquid form.
Description: As a dietary supplement, it is commonly used as a source of calcium and phosphorus for both humans and animals. In this role, the compound is either used as an additive in the preparation of cereal and grain products or purchased as a meal supplement. In food industry, dicalcium phosphate is also used as leavening agent, dough modifier, buffering agent, emulsifier, and stabilizing agent It is also virtually insoluble in water and is sometimes used by the pharmaceutical industry as a delayed release component in tableting.
Description: Arginine plays an important role in cell division, the healing of wounds, removing ammonia from the body, immune function, and the release of hormones. The benefits and functions attributed to oral supplementation of L-Arginine are: reduces the healing time of injuries (particularly bone), quickens repair time of damaged tissue, and helps decrease blood pressure in clinical hypertensive people.
Description: L-glutamic acid is classified as a nonessential amino acid. It may help nerve cells send and receive information from other cells. L-glutamic acid is used as a component of parenteral (intravenous) and enteral (tube feeding) nutrition. The sodium salt is used in a large quantities as a seasoning. L-glutamic acid has the greatest demand of any single amino acid, exceeding 1.5 million tons per year on a global basis. L-glutamic acid is manufactured by fermentation from carbohydrate sources.